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Showing posts from 2019

CWP: How to install CSF Webmin module on CWP in CentOS 7 ?

This perl module is required for Statistical Graphs available from the csf UI. It is dependent on graphical libraries being installed for your OS (e.g. libgd, libpng, etc. which is beyond the scope of this document)

The perl module itself can be installed in a variety of ways, e.g.:

# yum install perl-GDGraph

Direct from
# perl -MCPAN -e shell
cpan> install GD::Graph

Webmin Module Installation/Upgrade
Webmin > Webmin Configuration > Webmin Modules >
From local file > /usr/local/csf/csfwebmin.tgz > Install Module

Uninstallation : Removing csf and lfd is even more simple:
# cd /etc/csf
# sh uninstall.s

The Article Based on:

PostfixAdmin: Invalid query: Table 'postfix.vacation_notification' doesn't exist,

Bug Fix: After login, click on “Fetch email” I got error “Invalid query: FUNCTION postfix.FROM_BASE64 does not exist” To fix it, edit /home/username/public_html/postfixadmin/model/PFAHandler.php at line 572:
# vi /home/datahead/public_html/postfixadmin/model/PFAHandler.php $base64_decode = "###KEY###"; Unable to Delete any Email Address:When I am trying to delete any email address, I'm getting below the error
Login to PhpMyAdmin using root user  and select the postfix database from left side and Select SQL and paste the below code then click on go button .
CREATE TABLE `vacation_notification` ( `on_vacation` varchar(255) NOT NULL, `notified` varchar(255) NOT NULL, `notified_at` timestamp NOT NULL default CURRENT_TIMESTAMP, PRIMARY KEY (`on_vacation`,`notified`) ) ENGINE=MyISAM DEFAULT CHARSET=latin1 COMMENT='Postfix Admin - Virtual Vacation Notifications';

Helpful Link:
Link 1
Link 2

CWP: How to Integrate Postfix Admin 3.1 with CentOS WebPanel on CentOS 7

Postfix Admin is a web based interface which allows users to configure and manage a Postfix based email server. With Postfix Admin you can create and manage multiple virtual domains, users and aliases and many more.

I have installed CWP7.admin on CentOS 7 and It's working fine with Postfix but i want to use PostfixAdmin with CentOS WebPanel .
Login to your user panel : and create a sub-domain like . Go to Domains >> Sub Domains >> Add a New SubDomain

Now Restart Apache & DNS server from your admin panel. If you get any error or unable browse your subdomian then fix the permission (Go to User Accounts >> Fix Permission) . Install AutoSSL for that subdomain. Now Login to your server using SSH
# cd /usr/local/src/ # VERSION=3.1 # wget -q${VERSION}/postfixadmin-${VERSION}.tar.gz # tar xzf postfixadmin-${VERSION}.tar.gz # mv po…

How to Secure MariaDB for VestaCP and CWP ?

If you are using VestaCP or CentOS Webpanel then this tutorial will guide you through some basic steps you can take to secure your MariaDB or MySQL databases, and ensure that they are not an open door into your VPS. However, like most software, these tools can be security liabilities if they are configured incorrectly.

For the sake of simplicity and illustration, we will use the MariaDB 10.1 server on a CentOS 7.6 VPS instance.
Now run the script called "mysql_secure_installation". This will guide us through some procedures that will remove some defaults that are dangerous to use in a production environment.
# mysql_secure_installation
It will first prompt you for the root password you set up during installation. Immediately following, you will be asked a series of questions, beginning with if you'd like to change the root password.

This is another opportunity to change your password to something secure if you have not done so already.
You should answer "Y" (for…

How to find out & Change VestaCP MySQL/MariaDB root Password ?

If you forget the MySQL/MariaDB root password, no worries to find out the mysql root password.
The password is stored at: /usr/local/vesta/conf/mysql.conf and /root/.my.cnf
Before do anything , create a backup file.
# cp /usr/local/vesta/conf/mysql.conf /usr/local/vesta/conf/mysql.conf.bak # cp /root/.my.cnf /root/.my.cnf.bak Use this syntax to change MySQL/MariaDB root password
# mysqladmin -u root -pOLDPASSWORD password 'NEWPASSWORD' Change the root password
# mysqladmin -u root -pgX7wlY5V3F password 'gR7wlY6V9A' Now Update the newly changed password
# vi /usr/local/vesta/conf/mysql.conf HOST='localhost' USER='root' PASSWORD='gR7wlY6V9A' CHARSETS='UTF8,LATIN1,WIN1250,WIN1251,WIN1252,WIN1256,WIN1258,KOI8' MAX_DB='500' U_SYS_USERS='admin,datahead' U_DB_BASES='3' SUSPENDED='no' TIME='15:10:16' DATE='2019-04-17' # vi /root/.my.cnf [client] password='gR7wlY6V9A'

CWP: How to Add Let's Encrypt SSL to Monit on CentOS 7.6

I have installed Let's Encrypt SSL certificate for Server FQDN and that certificate i will use for monit. So In this tutorial we are going to show you, how to add Let's Encrypt SSL certificate for Monit along with CentOS Webpanel on CentOS 7.

To complete this tutorial, you will need:
1. CentOS Linux release 7.6.1810 (Core)
2. CWP7.admin , CWP version:
3. CSF Firewall
4. Let's Encrypt SSL Certificate (Installed)

Step 1:
Install HTTP client library
# yum install python-httplib2 To enable Let's Encrypt SSL for Monit's HTTP GUI, Open Monit Configuration File and uncomment the below line
# vi /etc/monitrc set ssl { version : TLSV12 verify : enable } with ssl { pemfile: /etc/ssl/certs/monit.pem } Check Monit syntax for error
# monit -t Control file syntax OK Create a file with touch command
# touch /etc/ssl/certs/monit.pem
Step 2:
Let's Encrypt SSL location for your SERVER_FQDN: /etc/letsencrypt…

CWP: How to monitor CWP Server Services using Monit on CentOS 7.6

Monit is a free open source and a very helpful program that automatically monitors and manages server process, files, directories, checksums, permissions, filesystems and services like Apache, Nginx, MySQL, FTP, SSH, Postfix and so on in a UNIX/Linux based systems and provides an excellent monitoring functionality to system administrators.
You can reduce the downtime using Monit because when any services goes down , Monit will check it and start the services automatically, example: if your dns service is down then monit will check, if found it's down then monit will start the dns service automatically. One interesting thing is that monit runs it own httpd server. If your apache server is down, monit will running using it's own server.
In this tutorial we are going to show you, how to install Monit along with CentOS Webpanel on CentOS 7.
To complete this tutorial, you will need:
1. CentOS Linux release 7.6.1810 (Core)
2. CWP7.admin , CWP version:
3. CSF …

CWP: How to Increase your Server Security using CSF Firewall on CentOS 7

Access CSF UI on your browser with the specified port and click on "Check Server Security" ,
After that now check the report below:

# vi /etc/ssh/sshd_config Port 22XX UseDNS no # systemctl restart sshd allow the new ssh port on CSF firewall# vi /etc/my.cnf [mysqld] local-infile=0 # systemctl restart mariadb You can also enable 'RESTRICT_SYSLOG option check, LF_POP3D option check, LF_IMAPD option check, SYSLOG_CHECK option check, RESTRICT_UI option check, Check SSH PasswordAuthentication'.  This option helps prevent brute force attacks on your server services

Important setting for me :
# cd /usr/local/csf/bin/ # perl #vi /etc/csf/csf.conf TESTING = "0" Don't Block IP addresses that are in the csf.allow files. IGNORE_ALLOW = "1" ICMP_IN = "1" ICMP_OUT = "1" LF_SSH_EMAIL_ALERT = "1" LF_SU_EMAIL_ALERT = "1" LF_ALERT_TO = "" LF_ALERT_FROM = "" #systemctl s…

CWP: How to Enable GUI for CSF on CentOS 7

CSF Web UI required some of Perl modules to be installed on your system. Use the following commands to check the required modules are installed operating system. If not present please install those packages .
# yum info perl-IO-Socket-SSL.noarch perl-Net-SSLeay perl-Net-LibIDN perl-IO-Socket-INET6 perl-Socket6 To enable CSF web UI edit /etc/csf/csf.conf file
# vi /etc/csf/csf.conf # 0 = Unrestricted UI # 1 = Restricted UI # 2 = Disabled UI RESTRICT_UI = "0" # 1 to enable, 0 to disable UI = "1" # Do NOT enable access to this port in TCP_IN, instead only allow trusted IP's # to the port using Advanced Allow Filters (see readme.txt) UI_PORT = "1025" # Leave blank to bind to all IP addresses on the server UI_IP = "" # This should be a secure, hard to guess username # This must be changed from the default UI_USER = "admin" # This must be changed from the default UI_PASS = "adminX" edit /etc/csf/ui/ui.allow configuration f…

How to hide Nameserver software version on Centos 7

Hide DNS Software VersionSometimes a new vulnerability is found in DNS software and script kiddies are scanning the Internet to exploit unpatched systems. It's a best practice to hide software version on your DNS servers, although this is not a real protection it just makes a little harder to find your servers via scanning. Use dig command to find which version is running on your name servers: $ dig +short version.bind txt chaos "9.8.2rc1-RedHat-9.8.2-0.23.rc1.el6_5.1" BindTo hide version in when using Bind, open named.conf configuration file using your favorite editor, go to options section and set a custom version string using version option. Example: // /etc/named.conf options{// Hide bind version version"unknown";}; Restart the server (use bind9 instead of named on systems based on Debian): $ sudo service named restart Stopping named: . [ OK ] Starting named: [ …

How to Update ROOT Hints DNS ?

My WebServer DNS root zone file is outdated and it has no information about IPv6 and recently changed root server IP address. How do I update my root hints data file under CentOS 7 Server?

Under Red Hat / CentOS / Fedora Linux, default location is /var/named/named.root, enter:
# wget --user=ftp --password=ftp -O /var/named/named.root Reload rndc to update information, enter:
# rndc reload Another option is run dig command to fetch information:
# dig +bufsize=1200 +norec NS . > /var/named/named.root The root zone's nameservers change over time, don't assume this list is current. Always download a new version of db.cache once or twice year is sufficient.

This article based on: Link 1Link 2

CWP DNS Part 2 : How to Configure DNS properly for CentOS WebPanel on CentOS 7.6

7.Open Main Configuration file
# vi /etc/named.conf 12 options { 13 listen-on port 53 { any; }; 14 listen-on-v6 port 53 { ::1; }; 15 directory "/var/named"; 16 dump-file "/var/named/data/cache_dump.db"; 17 statistics-file "/var/named/data/named_stats.txt"; 18 memstatistics-file "/var/named/data/named_mem_stats.txt"; 19 recursing-file "/var/named/data/named.recursing"; 20 secroots-file "/var/named/data/named.secroots"; 21 allow-query { any; }; 33 recursion no; 34 35 dnssec-enable yes; 36 dnssec-validation yes; 54 zone "." IN { 55 type hint; 56 file ""; 57 }; 58 59 include "/etc/named.rfc1912.zones"; 60 include "/etc/named.root.key"; 61 …

CWP DNS Part 1 : How to Configure DNS properly for CentOS WebPanel on CentOS 7.6

After hosting my parent domain on CWP7.admin, I am getting dns error and i'm not able access my server using my server FQDN but i can access using my server IP.
So what can i do for that problem ?

Yes, you have to fix the error .

Environment Details:
Distro Name: CentOS Linux release 7.6.1810 (Core)
CentOS-Web Panel version: CWP7.admin
CWP version:
WebServer: Apache Only

1.Change Hostname Permanently:
# hostnamectl set-hostname hostnamectl Static hostname: Icon name: computer-vm Chassis: vm Machine ID: 7400071490ea4f7d931374824ad4b52c Boot ID: 6e1f2d76495d4b318c25c4a1195aa130 Virtualization: vmware Operating System: CentOS Linux 7 (Core) CPE OS Name: cpe:/o:centos:centos:7 Kernel: Linux 3.10.0-862.14.4.el7.x86_64 Architecture: x86-64 It also writes this information to the /etc/hostname file as well.
# cat /etc/hostname host.d…

Part 2: CWP Basic Configuration after Fresh Installation

7.After hosting our first parent domain, We will restart the following service and observe the output
# systemctl restart cwpsrv # systemctl restart httpd # systemctl restart named Job for named.service failed because the control process exited with error code. See "systemctl status named.service" and "journalctl -xe" for details. That's why my parent domain and below the link is not accessible :

8. Now We will fix the DNS , Go to DNS Functions >> List DNS Zones  >> Now click on the "Rebuild Zone" of Parent Domain

9.Now We will create A records for our Server FQDN & Name Server as like below:
10.Please restart the following :

11. Now our Parent domain and all the links are accessible, Please check

12.Restart the following services
# systemctl restart cwpsrv # systemctl restart httpd # systemctl restart named 13.After Hosting your Parent domain, Don’t forget to fix the permission
Go to User Account >> Fix Permission

Part 1: CWP Basic Configuration after Fresh Installation

I am very impressed that you have successfully installed CWP on your system. Now you have to configure some basic configuration on it . So Lets get started .

1.At first you need to setup "Root Email" 
To Set Root Email for alert & Shared IP : 
Goto CWP Settings >> Edit Settings
2. I'm going to use Apache WebServer only. Select From the left menu,
WebServer Settings >> Select WebServers >> Apache Only
For High Performance WebServer, Select Nginx + Virnish + Apache
Now Click on Save & Rebuild Configuration

3.SetUp NameServers : Goto DNS Functions >> Edit Nameserver IPs

4.Create a Hosting Package : 
Goto Packages >> Add a Package

5.Host your Parent domain that related to server FQDN : 
Goto User Accounts >> New Account

6. Follow Part 2

How to Install CentOS WebPanel (CWP7.admin ) on CentOS 7.6

1.Requirements Before the Initialization of CentOS Web Panel (CWP) installer:

a).Only support static IP addresses and Does not support dynamic, sticky, or internal IP addresses.
b).CWP does not provide an uninstaller. After you install CWP, you must reinstall the server to remove it.
c).Only install CWP on a freshly installed operating system without any configuration changes.

Make Sure that you have performed Step 1 successfully

2.Software Requirements
You must have a clean/fresh installation of supported operating systems:
CentOS 6, RedHat 6 or CloudLinux 6, MINIMAL installation and English version only!
CentOS 7 is also supported, we recommend minimal version.

3.Hardware Requirements
32 bit operating systems require a minimum of 512 MB RAM
64 bit operating systems require a minimum of 1024 MB RAM (recommended)
Recommended System: 4 GB+ RAM so you would have the full functionality such as Anti-virus scan of emails.

4.Preparing Server : Let’s install required packages for CWP installation
# y…

CentOS Webpanel(CWP) Installation Perquisite : Install Latest EPEL Release

At First, Update your Base Repository ,then install latest EPEL
# yum update -y Reboot The Machine # reboot # rpm --import /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY* # yum -y install epel-release Run Update again & Check # yum update -y # yum repolist If you have getting any error then run:
# yum clean all # rm -rf /var/cache/yum # yum update -y # yum repolist

CWP Installation Perquisite : Set-Up Time Zone

Server Time Zone is very important for any Internet Services. My Time Zone is Asia/Dhaka . Follow the steps to configure your Time Zone.
# timedatectl list-timezones # timedatectl list-timezones | grep Asia # mv /etc/localtime /root/localtime.old # ln -s /usr/share/zoneinfo/Asia/Dhaka /etc/localtime # timedatectl set-ntp yes # timedatectl set-timezone Asia/Dhaka # systemctl restart systemd-timedated.service # timedatectl Local time: Wed 2018-10-31 11:15:50 +06 Universal time: Wed 2018-10-31 05:15:50 UTC RTC time: Wed 2018-10-31 05:15:50 Time zone: Asia/Dhaka (+06, +0600) NTP enabled: yes NTP synchronized: yes RTC in local TZ: no DST active: n/a # hwclock Wed 31 Oct 2018 11:21:37 AM +06 -0.084209 seconds

CWP Installation Perquisite : Install Chrony and Configure NTP server

Accurate time keeping is important for a number of reasons in IT. This setup is the best practice that helps with problem diagnosis and informal server monitoring. I am living in Asia that's why i'm using this pool.
Install Chrony and Configure The NTP server .
# yum -y install chrony # vi /etc/chrony.conf #server iburst #server iburst #server iburst #server iburst server iburst server iburst server iburst server iburst add the network range you allow to receive requests allow :x (save & quit) Reminder: We have disabled firewalld, So we will add the port 123/udp after the CWP installation using CSF firewall.
Start the services and enable it 
# systemctl start chronyd # systemctl enable chronyd # chronyc sources # timedatectl set-ntp yes # systemctl enable systemd-timedated.service # syst…

CWP Installation Perquisite : Disable Network Manager & Set Static IP

This Tutorial describes how to disable the Network Manager service. The Network Manager service automates the network's settings and disrupts connections to the IP addresses that reside in the ipaliases module. We recommend that you disable the Network Manager service and enable the network.service service before you install CentOS WebPanel.
# systemctl stop NetworkManager # systemctl disable NetworkManager # nmcli device status # systemctl list-unit-files | grep NetworkManager # systemctl enable network.service # systemctl restart network.service Reboot The Machine # reboot I have two NIC in my VPS, So Add the below parameter in /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eXXX of interfaces that are managed by NetworkManager to make it unmanaged. NM_CONTROLLED="no“
# vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-ens33 BOOTPROTO=static NM_CONTROLLED=no ONBOOT=yes :x (save & quit) # vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-ens34 BOO…

CWP Installation Perquisite : Set Hostname Permanently

A computer hostname represents a unique name that gets assigned to a computer in a network in order to uniquely identify that computer in that specific network. The hostname is set at the time when the CentOS operating system is installed or if you are spinning up a virtual machine it is dynamically assigned to the instance at startup.

The hostname is used by many of the networking programs (such as sendmail, Apache servers) to identify the machine. By default, your server is started with the server’s given name as the hostname. Some software, such as cPanel, CWP requires a valid Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN) for the hostname.

Types of hostnames (The hostname can be configured as follows):
Static host name assigned by sysadmin. For example, “server1”, “wwwBot2”, or “”.
Transient/dynamic host name assigned by DHCP or mDNS server at run time.
Pretty host name assigned by sysadmin/end-users and it is a free-form UTF8 host name for presentation to the user. For example,…